The natural lens of the eye can become clouded, which can lead to visual issues like blurry vision, faded colors, glare, and difficulty seeing in low light. This condition is known as a cataract. Although they can occur at any age, cataracts normally grow gradually over time and are most frequently observed in elderly persons.

Cataracts are treated surgically by removing the clouded lens and implanting a synthetic intraocular lens (IOL). This is a routine, safe treatment that is frequently carried out without the need for hospitalization.

The hazy lens is first disassembled during the cataract procedure using a specialized ultrasonic probe or laser, and it is then removed through a tiny incision in the eye. Afterward, an artificial IOL is placed in its place, aiding in the restoration of vision clarity.

IOLs can be utilized to replace the natural lens in a variety of ways, including toric, multifocal, and mono-focal IOLs. Multifocal IOLs can provide clear vision at various distances, toric IOLs can correct astigmatism, and mono-focal IOLs can provide clear vision at a single distance.

Cataract surgery often has a high success rate for increasing eyesight while being safe and effective. However, there are dangers associated with any surgery, such as infection, hemorrhage, and vision loss, and patients should carefully weigh the advantages and disadvantages of the procedure before having it done. A trained eye expert can assist assess if cataract surgery is the ideal treatment option for an individual patient.